Basic pentatonic scale.
Almost everyone, who has already mastered the basics of playing the guitar, so he can catch such ordinary holds, like a bar, begins to think about learning to play solo – improvisation. Everyone heard, as Clapton plays, Styczynski. Why not try it yourself? This article is about blues improvisation. Blues guitarists mostly base their improvisations on the pentatonic scale. Of course, this is not an absolute rule and there are people, who play without any theoretical basis – however, most often these are people who are really musically gifted. For all the less brilliant – some theory. Below is the basic pentatonic scale. It can be extended with other notes of the major or minor scale. Various riffs containing sounds completely out of scale are also common.
As everyone remembers from elementary school, major scale includes 7 basic sounds:
for the C major scale: C D E F G A H
There are additional sounds in between – semitones. On a piano keyboard, the white keys are the notes written above, and black is halftone. It must be noted, that there are no semitones between the notes E and F and B and C (and on the keyboard – black keys). These sounds are called. natural halftones.
All sounds look like this:
C Cis D Dis E F Fis G Gis A B H C
It's already taken that way, that no sound between A and B is called A sharp or Hes, but b.
We number the notes of the C major scale:
C D E F G A H C 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
You must always remember, that in a major scale, semitones occur between notes 3 i 4 (for C major: E i F) and 7 i 8 (for C major: H i C). For the D major scale, semitones are also between notes 3 i 4 and 7 i 8, but now it's F sharp and G and C sharp and D, and the D major scale looks like this:
D E Fis G A H Cis D 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
And now the pentatonic scale for the C major scale.
C D E G A
As is easy to see, these are consecutive sounds 1,2,3,5 i 6.
For D major: D E Fis A H
For E major: E Fis Gis H Cis
On a molar scale (aeolian) semitones occur between notes 2 i 3 and 5 i 6; for the A minor scale:
A H C D E F G A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
The pentatonic scale of the minor scale is the sounds: 1,3,4,5 i 7, that is, for A minor: A C D E G.
scale sounds: E F G A H C D E pentatonika: E G A H D
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
The fact is noteworthy, that the notes of the A minor pentatonic scale coincide with the pentatonic scale of the C major scale. It's the same with B minor and D major, Cis-moll i E-dur, itd.
Now, when you already know the sounds of the pentatonic scale, it remains to finger them on the guitar and try to play to the backing track. When chords are played, for example : C-dur A-moll F-dur G-dur , the improvisation will be based on the pentatonic scale of the C major scale.