In the second year of life, the child learns to communicate with your environment through speech. This is a very important moment in the development of a little man. That is why it is so important to talk to your child during this period, introducing new words and concepts, learning the correct pronunciation.
A child at this age is already interested in illustrations. So the first books appear on his shelf. For now, these are textless books, with only pictures. This function is perfectly fulfilled by the so-called folding screens made of thick cardboard. The child wants not only to look at the pictures, but also touch, point to individual elements with your finger. Such study should be accompanied by parental explanations, who will tell first, what the picture shows, and then ask the child questions. Each subsequent reading of the book should contain more and more information.
At the end of the second year of life, a child can already play with adults in an organized way. The simplest fun that gives a lot of joy is running from mom's outstretched arms into dad's arms. This is also fun not new. Known for many generations. It gives the child a sense of security, while making him aware, that he can, travel more confidently and faster.
Hide and seek is a lot of fun for a child. At first he covers his eyes and is convinced, that in this way it becomes invisible to the environment. Then, when he understands, that it's the only thing that loses sight of it, he starts to hide behind the furniture and enjoys it, when adults look for it repeating loudly: “And Jędrusi is not behind the wardrobe, and it's not under the table. Where could he be?”
When the search drags on too long, the child leaves his hiding place and proudly announces to his parents: "Here is Jędruś". The greatest joy for a small child is the act of hiding itself. Fact, it's hidden so well, that no one can find him, is still irrelevant to him.
A little later, the child himself will want to look for hidden people. These will be the first didactic games, intended to improve perceptiveness and orientation.
In the second year of life, a child can be taught to roll a ball. It sits on the floor with its legs spread wide apart, opposite an adult. The ball rolls from mom to baby and from baby to mom. When the fun is running smoothly, we increase the distance a bit.
Plastic bowling pins also encourage you to push the ball in a certain direction. These games help you focus your attention, tracking, in which direction the ball is rolling. The child also enjoys throwing light balls made of crumpled paper. If we show, how to do it, the child will be happy to toss them up, so high, as much as he can. If we pull the string at the right height, the fun will become even more interesting, because the child will try to throw the balls through it.
Close contact with parents is essential for the proper development of a child. It gives him a sense of security and conviction, that is loved. Every child feels great joy, when adults take them in their arms and lift them high. He also enjoys wearing piggyback” or on the shoulders, swinging on outstretched legs. All these games improve the child's motor skills, especially the sense of balance. They get used to height and space. Playing together with a child is also important for parents. They let them make a statement, what level of fitness their child has already reached.